Nine tricks poke through lies
The latest research on suspects questioned by the FBI-the number of times people lie or are deceived by lies in social interactions is alarming.
Even a Feldman study by a psychologist at the University of Massachusetts in the United States stated that each person lied at least 25 times a day on average.
Of course, there are different levels of lies, and some lies are of good faith, so we don’t need to pay attention to it, but if the lies are deceived and hurt, how do we know whether we are deceived?
Recently, a new study by a psychologist at the University of California in the United States found that even the person who lies most often has a subconscious signal that can be caught when his brain switches to a pretend mode, and ordinary people can be like a lie detectorLike the instrument, seized the truth of the liar.
The study was designed to help FBI staff interrogate suspects.
Can some kind of signal help us identify lies?
Trick 1: Don’t mention yourself and name Wesman, a psychologist at the University of Hertfordshire, said, “People naturally feel uncomfortable when they lie, and they instinctively take themselves out of the lies they sayEliminate it.
For example, you ask your friend why he didn’t come to the booked dinner last night, and he cried that his car broke down, and he had to wait to fix it.
Liars use “car broken” instead of “my car is broken.”
“So if you ask someone and they always omit” I “repeatedly, they have a reason to be suspicious.
Conversely, liars rarely use the names of the people they involve in lies.
A famous example is that a few years ago, when US President Bill Clinton addressed the country, he refused to use “Monica” but “I did not have sex with that woman”.
Trick 2: Ask the liar the same question over and over and ask someone a question, and then wait for them to answer.
Ask the second time, and the answer will remain the same.
Leave a gap between the second and third times.
During this time, their bodies will calm down and they will think, “I’ve been confused.
“After all the physiological responses have subsided, the body relaxes and becomes normal.
When you ask this question again while they are not paying attention, they are no longer lying, and they are not frustrated but angry.
If a person says, “Did I not already tell you this?
“Then I became furious, mostly deceiving.
May also say to you: This is the case, I’ll tell you straight.
“Trick # 3: When you lie, your eyes will look up to the right. Liars never look at your eyes-they know this advice, so a smart liar will stare at your eyes with double focus, and your pupils will dilate.
Everyone remembers my mother ‘s criticisms as a child, ‘you must have lied again—I know, because you dare not look into my eyes.
‘This teaches you from a very young age that liars don’t dare to look into the eyes, so people learn to do the opposite and complications are found.
“Actually, when the deceiver looks at you, the attention is too focused, and their eyes begin to dry, which makes them blink more often. This is a fatal information interference.
Another accurate test is staring directly at someone’s eye movements. A person’s eye movements indicate that their brain is working.
Most people, when the brain is “building” a sound or image (in other words, if they are lying), their eyeballs are moving in the upper right direction.
If people are trying to remember what really happened, they will look to the upper left.
This “eye movement” is a kind of reflex action, which cannot be pretended unless it is strictly trained.
Trick 4: Liars never forget to try on your friends and ask them what they did from leaving the office to bed two nights ago, and they will inevitably make several mistakes in the narrative process.
It is difficult to remember all the details of a time period.
People rarely remember everything that happens, they usually correct themselves repeatedly and straighten their minds.
So they would say, ‘I go home and sit in front of the TV — oh no, I called my mom first, and then I sat in front of the TV.
‘But liars do n’t make such mistakes when they make statements, because they already think about everything in the premise of their mind.
They never say, ‘wait a minute, I ‘m wrong.
‘But it was precisely in the statement that he was reluctant to admit that he had mistakenly exposed them.
“Trick 5: The volume and tone of the liar will rise unconsciously.
If you ask your husband who just called, he suddenly starts talking like a magpie, you have to be alert.
The pitch rise when lying is often because the liar is trying to hide his weak heart.
Trick # 6: True and false smiles say everything Jeffrey Cowan, a psychology professor at the University of Pittsburgh, is working on a machine that measures changes in facial muscles when a suspect is questioned.
”We can tell how many times each muscle moves, how continuous they stay and then change, but they appear real or disguised.
But you don’t need Cowan’s machine to find lying boyfriends or guilty little girls, because liars’ false smiles can pierce their lies in seconds.
“The real smile is uniform and symmetrical on both sides of the face. It comes fast, but disappears slowly,” Cowan said. “It involves the wrinkles from the nose to the corners of the mouth-and the smile lines around your eyes.
“From the cause, the disguised smile came slowly, and there was a slight imbalance. When it was not too real, the other side wanted to elicit a positive response.
The muscles of the eyes are not fully mobilized-this is why the ‘evil man’ in the movie is cold and the vicious smile will never reach his eyes.
“Trick 7: The flash time of real expression is extremely short. A person can maintain a normal expression for a few seconds, but on” disguised face “, the real emotion will stay for a very short time, so you have to watch carefully.
A well-known anecdote is that in the film provided by the US Secret Service, when Bill Clinton talked about Monica Lewinsky, his forehead slightly wrinkled, and then calm was restored.
Trick 8: Your nose gets bigger when you lie. Do you know your nose gets bigger when you lie?
Your body’s response when lying is excess blood flowing to the bladder.
Some people turned red all over their faces.
This will swell your nose by a few millimeters.
Of course, this is not visible with the naked eye, but the liar will feel the nose uncomfortable and touch it inadvertently-this is the manifestation of lying.
Trick 9: Liars love to touch themselves Liars love to touch themselves, just like chimpanzees will dress and dress themselves more when they are depressed.
Psychologist Ohuia and others have conducted an experiment that instructed the subject to answer the interviewer’s question with a lie, and recorded each time period immediately after the instruction, before, during, and after lyingNonverbal behavior is compared with behavior when not lying.
Immediately after receiving instructions, when the subject lied, the answer became more and more careful, and was accompanied by subtle movements such as flicking a finger to subconsciously touch a part of the body.
When people lie, the more they want to cover their hearts, the more they will be exposed because of changes in various body movements.
How do you tell a liar that you think someone is lying, but how do you reveal the truth?
● Don’t blame your suspect: If you ask questions that are offensive, such as “Why weren’t you there then?
“Or are you lying to me?
“It would be alarming to keep their lies.
It ‘s better to ask open-ended questions, such as, “Where do you say you are?”
Or “when did you get home?”
“● Use your body language correctly: Look at the other person’s eyes, tilt your head to one side, lean back, and use open gestures-so don’t fork up with your hands.
These body language are not intimidating and encourage others to tell the truth.
● Ask to repeat: If he says, “Look, I told you this.
“Please repeat it accurately, because you want to hear it again-it is difficult to repeat the fabricated story.
● Give them one last chance: if they still insist, and you still doubt, it is better to give up temporarily and say, “Well, do we have anything else to do before reconfirming that none of this happened?
“You are giving them a chance to change, and they will be better known and frank.